Abutilon is a large genus of about 150 species of broadleaf evergreens in the mallow family (Malvaceae). The genus includes annuals, perennials, shrubs, and small trees from 1-10 m tall, and is found in the tropical and subtropical regions of all continents. The leaves are alternate, unlobed or palmately lobed with 3-7 lobes. The flowers are conspicuous, with five petals, mostly red, pink, orange, yellow or white.
Common names include Abutilon, Chinese Bell Flower, Chinese Lantern, Mallow, Indian Mallow, and Flowering Maple (for the maple-like leaves of some species, although the genus is not related to the true maples).
Abutilon species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Yellow-banded Skipper (which feeds exclusively on A. avicennae) and Chionodes mariona.
Abutilons are popular garden plants in subtropical areas; the hardiest species, A. ochsenii and A. vitifolium from Chile, are hardy in warm temperate areas with moderate frost down to about -10°C.
Abutilon x hybridum is a popular group of hybrids that are semi-tropical, frost-tender shrubs typically growing 2-3 m tall. The lantern-like buds open to solitary, pendulous, bell- to cup-shaped flowers to 8 cm diameter with five overlapping petals and significant staminal columns typical of the mallow family. Flowers come in red, pink, yellow, white and pastel shades. Lobed, maple-like, light green leaves are often variegated with white and yellow.
Sow seed indoors in late winter and set out seedling plants after last frost date.
Abutilon darwinii - Abutilon darwinii is a shrub typically growing 2 m tall, native to Brazil (South America). The flowers are pink.
Abutilon eremitopetalum - The Hidden-petaled Abutilon or Hiddenpetal Indian Mallow (Abutilon eremitopetalum) is a species of flowering plant in the Malvaceae family. It is found only in the United States from the state of Hawaii on the windward side of the island of Lanai. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland. It is threatened by habitat destruction.
Abutilon grandifolium - or Hairy Indian Mallow, is a large shrub that is 2 m high with broad, 1-6 cm leaves. The fruits are schizocarps that are 1.4-1.5 cm in diameter and 1-1.1 cm tall.
Abutilon icanum - also known as hoary abutilon, pelotazo, pelotazo chico, and tronadora, is a shrub widespread throughout the arid, warm regions of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico.
Abutilon indicum - is an invasive species in the Malvaceae family. This plant is often used as a medicinal plant.
Abutilon auritum - Asian Indian Mallow.
Abutilon bedfordianum - Bedford's Mallow (Brazil).
Abutilon trisulcatum (Anglestem Indian Mallow).
Abutilon menziesii (Ko'oloa'ula). Hawaii.
Abutilon berlandieri - Berlandier's Indian Mallow.
Abutilon fruticosum - Texas Indian Mallow.
Abutilon hirtum - Hairy Indian Mallow.
Abutilon hyoleucum - Whiteleaf Indian Mallow.
Abutilon malacum (Yellow Indian Mallow).
Abutilon megapotamicum (Trailing Abutilon). Brazil.
Abutilon insigne(Colombia, Venezuela)
Abutilon julianae. Norfolk Island.
Abutilon leonardi (Woolly Abutilon).
Abutilon albescens. Endemic in Indonesia.
Abutilon mollissimum. South America.
Abutilon niveum. (White-flowered Abutilon). Argentina, Bolivia.
Abutilon ochsenii. Chile.
Abutilon palmeri (Palmer's Indian Mallow).
Abutilon wrightii (Wright's Indian Mallow).
Abutilon parishii (Parish's Indian Mallow).
Abutilon permolle (Coastal Indian Mallow).
Abutilon thyrsodendron Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil.
Abutilon mollicomum (Sonoran Indian Mallow).
Abutilon pictum (Redvein Abutilon, Red Vein Indian Mallow; syn. A. striatum). Brazil.
Abutilon purpurascens. Brazil.
Abutilon theophrasti (Velvetleaf, Indian Mallow, Butterweed). Tropical Asia.
Abutilon virginianum (Virgin Islands Abutilon). Virgin Islands.
Abutilon vitifolium. Chile.
Abutilon thurberi (Thurber's Indian Mallow).
Abutilon venosum. Brazil.
Abutilon reventum (Yellowflower Indian Mallow).
Abutilon sandwicense (Greenflower Indian Mallow).
Abutilon parvulum (Dwarf Indian Mallow).
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